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FAQs of Cold Storage Business

What is Cold Storage Business?

Cold storages are the high sized freezer, which is commonly used to storage purposes. Cold storages are used to store fruits, vegetables, processed meat, Dairy Products, Spices, Dry fruits, jaggery, pulses, frozen foods, and pharmaceutical uses. Post-harvest management is a very important aspect of farming because all vegetables and fruits which are produced can’t be sold fresh at the same time. The quantity of production needs to be stored for further processing. Under those circumstances, cold storage becomes an integral aspect of post-harvest management techniques. Cold storages Manufacturing has an important link between farmers and consumers. Because of the rapid growth of food and related industries, the cold storages are gaining huge demand.- faqs of Cold Storage business

Cold Storages are essential binders that extend the shelf life, period of marketing, post-harvest losses and avoids transportation troubles while peak period of production and the maintenance of quality.

Types of Cold Storages

Cold storages are mainly classified into two different categories, based on the types of items stored. Below are the types:

Food and Agri Products Cold Storages –:  These cold storages are used to store products like fruits, dairy products, meat, etc. which have high demand around the year. These cold storages are built near to the local markets and should be built with delivery infrastructure.

Off-Season Products Cold Storages:  These type cold storages are used to store products like chilies, seeds, corn, potatoes, etc., to meet the demand in the offseason. These storages are built close to the source/farms. All most all the cold storage comes into this category.

Feasibility & Problems of Cold storage Business

The loss, due to inefficient post-harvest management (cold storage) is estimated at around 133 billion rupees per year in India, out of the produce of large quantities of fruits (11.36%) and vegetables (14.04%). The present requirement for a cold storage facility is around 61 million tons in India for both vegetables and fruits, but the availability of storage now in India is just around 26.85 million tones.

Besides, rapid lifestyle changes and demand for processed or packaged food is creating the need for cold storage solutions globally.

cold storage manufacturers

Cold Storage Investment Cost:

The investment includes acquiring the land, building construction, obtaining permissions and licensing, arranging utilities like water, electricity, etc. Additionally, you will have to invest a major startup capital in procuring the cooling machinery. Generally, modern and updated machinery ensures better performance and long-term sustainability.

Apart from the above-mentioned fix costs, you will need to consider the working capital expenses also. The major considerations are staffing, utility bill payment, and promotional expenses.

The assumption of the investment is made in a small area and this may vary depending on the location of the cold storage. The actual cost may deviate from reality, depending on the availability and demand of materials in the market. 

Machinery and Equipment for Cold storage business

There are two important components in cold storage equipment: Machinery and Insulation Panels. The machinery includes compressors, evaporative condensers, and motors. The walls of cold storage should be fabricated with insulation panels that are made of polyurethane.

You contact the machinery supplier that takes a contract to set up the machinery, to do offers civil works and provide insulation.

Cost Analysis of Cold Storage Business

The cost of cold storage is mainly influenced by the following factors.

The Capacity of the cold storage and the number of rooms present in the cold storage.

The types of products stored, the products stored are categorized into two types, plus temperature cold storage are used for vegetables/fruits/seeds and minus temperature cold storage are used for frozen goods. The cold storage used for storing frozen products need high cost and then the maintenance of the temperatures of the cold storage.

Other operational cost includes electricity and manpower.

Cold Storage Business Plan

The Cold Storage business is a one-time investment business. In this business, the initial investment will be a bit high, compared to other businesses. In the cold storage business, you can ensure a constant return on a long-term basis.

Cold storage is a highly profitable business, in both developing and developed countries. There is good demand for two types of cold storage as per the storage facility. One model is used for specific products and another one is for multipurpose. However, multi-purpose cold storage will have good returns and profitability overall.

Demand and Profitability of Cold Storage

The usage of fresh vegetables and fruits is huge. In food crop growing countries to keep the products fresh for more days, the usage of cold storages is high. Cold Storages are highly essential to keep the products fresh for long periods. It makes the products available in un-seasons. It also reduces the product’s wastages and solves the transport bottlenecks.

The cold storages play a key role in reducing the wastages of the perishable commodities. It also helps in providing lucrative prices to the farmers and to make products available to the consumers at competitive and affordable prices.

The demand for cold storages increased due to the change in lifestyle and increased demand for processed or packaged food. Consumers showing great interest in packed and processed food, creating the need for cold storage solutions globally.

How We will Help You?

  • We will do the feasibility study.
  • We will help you draft the Cold Storage Business plan for long time profitability.
  • Help you to obtain related permissions & licenses.
  • Assist you to get financial assistance from banks & Govt. subsides (with applying online/off-line with all the necessary documents).
  • Work as your spokesperson.

Loans & Subsidies for Cold Storage

The Ministry of Food Processing Industries (MOFPI),. India is offering Financial Assistance for the Establishment of Cold storage Chain. These integrated Cold storage chains from the farms to the consumer ensures the safety and preservation of the food products.

The government offers a grant-in-aid ranging from 35% to 50% (75% For some specific region -Like J&K) of the total cost of plant and machinery installation along with pre-cooling, weighing, sorting, grading, waxing facilities at farm level, multi-product/ multi-temperature cold storage, CA storage, packing facility, IQF, blast freezers, and the technical civil work depending on the location. – faqs of Cold Storage business in India

The integrated post-harvest cold chain project can set up by Partnership / Proprietorship Firms, Companies, Corporations, Cooperatives, Self Help Groups (SHGs), Farmer Producer Organizations (FPOs), NGOs, Central / State PSUs, etc. subject to fulfillment of eligibility conditions of scheme guidelines

Cold storage business can also be done with the 80% loan from a nationalized bank. If the land is rented, the loan available is 90% of the total rental cost of the cold storage. -faqs of Cold Storage business in India

Example of Cost & Profit of a Cold Storage Business

The investment shown here is for a 10 MT cold storage as a sample with approximate estimation, as the charges may vary.

Machinery Cost4,65,000.00
Electricity Supply and Stabilizer Cost1,92,000.00
Cost Of 192 sq Ft area @ 1000/sq ft1,00,000.00
Insurance Cover30,000.00
Other Cost Of generators, Accessories and Plastic Crates3,90,000.00
Other Miscellaneous costs10,000.00
Installation and tax charges1,50,000.00
TOTAL EXPENSES13,37,000.00

The assistance given by the government is such that 65% of the expenses should be borne by the beneficiary and 35% of the expenses would be given as subsidy to the person.

Therefore, the government pays 35% to 50% as per norms, on behalf of the beneficiary.

And the remaining amount should be invested by the individual.

The revenue generated depends on the type of product stored in the storage and the cost of storing the item per day.

For e.g., if the store is rented, then there is a possibility of renting charges approximately: Rs 0.75/kg (for 300 days).

Then the revenue generated is Rs 9, 00,000 annually.

controlled atmosphere cold storage business

About the author

Mr. Yogesh Dahiya (Managing director) aged 49 years, having a Diploma in Fabrication Technology, has 25 years of experience in setting up cold storage and chilling plants. After completion of Diploma in Fabrication technology, he worked with indo-Techno Frigo Ltd. As Manager (fabrication) and Purchase Executive for a period of 5 years. He then joined L&T as General Manager (Projects). In 1997 he started his own company. Mr.Yogesh Dahiya is the key person of NSSPL (group company) and his job includes holding meeting with clients, understanding their requirements, selection of sites, suggestion of right technology, preparation of engineering design, civil works etc and then finally fabrication, installation and commissioning of the entire plants. Till now he had set up 160 cold storage and chilling plants of various capacities. In this project he takes care of all the technical aspects of the company.
23 Responses
  1. Amarnath Pandey

    Dear Sir
    Thanks for your write up about cold storage which is available with your website. I belong to Sasaram, Bihar & looking an idea in from of opportunity to setting up cold storage unit in my area.

    Hence, requesting you to please share details about this system so that feasibility study can be completed.

    Amar Nath Pandey

  2. Aadinath Patil

    Hello sir, thanks for such valuable information.
    I am from Jalna, maharashtra.
    Planning to start a food processing unit.
    Need ur guidance and consultantcy.

  3. Akshay digambar khade

    Hi sir thank for such valuable information .I am from kolhapur and I want guidance regarding cold storage business. Thank you

    1. Praveenkumar magadum

      I have my own land near star highway inn karnataka and willing to set up the cold storage unit

      Please share some more details

  4. Madhukumar Rajangam

    I am Interested to establish this cold storage business so I am having land in bye pass road in Dindigul Dist. Tamilnadu- contact me 9942422750

  5. Mahender

    I’m intrested in set up of the cold storage in Chandanagar, Hyderabad.
    I need your assistance in drawing the plan & feasibility study.
    Also provide your email-id and phone no. to contact further.
    Thank you.

  6. I desire to start up Cold Storage facility at Sriperumbadur ( Located on NH4 ,Between Chennai and Bangalore ). Currently working as Distribution Safety Personnel at Linde India, Bangalore. How can I contact You and Seek Your assistance in this regard?

  7. Harshwardhan potnis

    As I am based in Nashik Dist.having Agri.land as well as RCC constructed area around 4500 sq.ft.(1st floor) can I go for cold storage for product like onion,Grapes,pamogranes, Tamarind etc because it is easily available in bulk quantity.please reply.Thanks

  8. Mangesh Dalvi

    We have ready shed of 10000 Sq Ft available in Industrial Estate in North Goa. We propose to convert this shed into clod storage facility. We need your help in following areas
    – Working on feasibility study
    – Setting up facility
    – Procurement of customers

  9. Dr. Ekbal Hossain

    Sir, I need your help and guidance in setting up cold storage in Malda District,
    West Bengal….
    Also query regarding cold storage… Is possible to preserve mangos?
    With regards,
    Dr. Ekbal Hossain

  10. Dhananjay Nerlekar

    I want to make cold storage 10 mt capacity in Islampur dist sangli
    Pls. Give me quotation, area required & all requirements for this project.

  11. Ali Hassan


    Need ur help and guidance in setting up cold storage.
    Can we control the storage room size based on the storage temperature I choose?

  12. Rohan

    I am willing to know more about this business as I am thinking of setting up cold storage business.
    Need your complete guidance.

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