Having good information about cold storage construction companies will undoubtedly avoid many problems of storage, control, and maintenance.
What are cold storage for?
Cold rooms are small, medium, or large refrigeration facilities whose purpose is to reduce or maintain certain merchandise at a very low temperature, usually food or other types of elements.
Information on cold storage types of cold storage:
There are two main types of cold rooms for Cold storage construction and working, those for refrigeration and those for freezing.
– The former (refrigeration) stores and store the merchandise up to 0ºC and the freezer ones intend to store merchandise at freezing temperature depending on the product storage needs.
– Its use is fully extended throughout the world since food or merchandise can be preserved in optimal conditions given the capacity for isolation and preservation.
Cold storage construction companies:
Normally, to save Cold storage construction cost in India, they are built based on an insulating element that is the Sandwich Panel made up of two layers of pre-lacquered steel that contains inside an insulating foam core (usually polyurethane or poly-isocyanurate) which is the insulating element that prevents penetration of temperatures from one side of the element to the other.
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Elements of a cold chamber:
Another important element of cold storage construction companies in the door. This can be of different types, pivoting, sliding, insulating canvas, etc. Its mission is to allow passage into the chamber in the most appropriate and necessary conditions.
The other essential element of a cold room is the one corresponding to the refrigeration equipment.
In Cold storage construction in India,this must be studied adequately and its need is given by different factors such as the product to be stored, the temperature to be reached in the chamber, or the soul of the product.
Also, the temperature jump from entering the chamber to its maintenance, the length of stay of the product in the chamber, the average rotation of the merchandise, the cubic meters of the room to be cooled, or the difference in temperature between the inside and outside of the chamber.
All these values must be studied and based in Cold storage construction and working, thermal cooling needs are obtained that will give us values that such refrigeration equipment must achieve.
Cold room floors:
Another important section in cold storage construction companies in the floor. Not all cold rooms need an insulated floor.
The cold rooms that are going to work in a positive temperature regime (at 0ºC or higher temperature) is not necessary, they do not have a floor, however, it is convenient to install insulation on the floor whenever we need to avoid condensation if the chamber is in a plant where there is construction underneath.
To save Cold storage construction cost in India,all freezing chambers must have an insulated floor, either panel plus a walkable reinforcement or built using an insulated concrete floor that allows thermal insulation at negative temperatures.
Cold handling equipment:
Logically, in cold storage construction companies, to carry out the loading, unloading, handling or replacement operations, handling machinery is required that is capable of working autonomously in cold environments and at extreme temperatures.
The control of antifreeze liquids and greases resistant to subzero environments, as well as the protection of electronic equipment, is obvious. Although the installation of heated cabins on forklifts is not mandatory, it is advisable so that operators can achieve greater productivity.
In this type of Cold storage construction in India, it is not allowed to work with machinery propelled by thermal engines (diesel, gas, and others), and under no circumstances should the batteries be charged in areas with negative temperatures; One last recommendation is that it can be extended to any room without natural or forced aeration.
In the same way, automatic machinery (stacker cranes and storage and continuous transport equipment) will also be consistent with negative temperatures. However, in tanks with temperatures above 0ºC, the aforementioned specifications are not required.
Finally, as in any other cold storage project or distribution center, it is necessary to put into operation emergency lights.
The signaling of emergency and evacuation exits; the opening of the doors both from the outside and the inside (the installation of security locks, keys, or shields is not contemplated); and the following items at the disposal of the staff: an ax to knock down the door or panels, an emergency wardrobe kit and an anti-panic alarm, which although it is not dictated by law, it is recommended.
However, in the case of refrigerated and cold rooms, it is not advisable to install fire extinguishers or fire hoses, sprinklers, and automatic extinguishing (the water inside could freeze), unprotected electrical installations, and water intakes in Cold storage construction and working.
In the case of refrigerated or cold rooms, it will also be necessary to carry out a detailed study by cold storage construction companies to check what type of storage system is convenient to install. A comparison is detailed below that clarifies the advantages and disadvantages of both the automatic and conventional modes.
– Possibility of multiple formats of the merchandise (pallet or others)
– Display of merchandise (refrigerated products)
– Personnel needs (forklifts and preparers)
– Staff performance
– Possibility of preparation errors
– Stored volumetric yield
– Performance of cold equipment
– Order picking inside the chamber
– Maintenance of handling equipment, battery charging, and others
– Volumetric utilization of the facility
– Reduction of personnel costs in Cold storage construction in India (the work of operators inside the chamber is not required)
– Use of height
– Ratios offered and yields
– Traceability control
– Control of batches
– Error reduction
– Possibility of storing the prepared order
– Automatic weight control
– Off-camera order preparation (merchandise goes to the man)
– Initial investment costs
– Need for stable loads and correct parallelization